The government can be both republic or principality. Back then becoming a prince was easier then taking control and ruling. Monarchy was easily destroyed by enemies killing the monarchy family. This lead to the perfect and imperfection relationships.
The Prince by Niccolò Machiavelli
Jenny Cajamarca Period 02 English
If you were just a peasant or noble becoming a king wasn't so difficult all it took was two steps be well armed and when opportunity strike then be cruel and swift leader as well as benefiting the people. So the relationship between people vs monarchy and monarchy vs government all depended on leadership. So a noble or peasant counterparts Macbeth.