Reconstruction in the United States was the process of readmitting the Confederate south back into the Union after they seceded. It occurred in the period after the Civil War and lasted from 1863 to 1877.
Lincoln has just been elected President! He plans to set all of us slaves free!
Lincoln is in the process of putting together a 10% plan which will allow southern states back into the Union.
Our beloved Lincoln died and Andrew Johnson is to take his place. He is making sure us slaves are freed by putting into place the 13th Amendment. No other rights will be granted to us former slaves, though.
Johnson's Reconstruction involved requiring the southern states to swear allegiance to the Union, pay war debts, and ratify the 13th Amendment.
The Freedman's Bureau was put into place by Congress as a way to help former slaves and poor whites after the war. It's goal was to assist freed slaves and poor whites in obtaining land, education, and jobs.
The Black Codes were a series of laws put into place by the southern states.
They required every one of us former slaves to sign a labor contract for one year with a white employer. If we didn't we would be fined. They wanted to make as little change from slavery to freedom as possible.
Radical Republican's Reconstruction
The Radical Republican's divided the south into five military groups, required the states to ratify the 14th Amendment which would grant citizenship to everyone born in the US, and set into place the 15th Amendment which granted every male citizen in the US the right to vote.
The Freedman's Bureau successfully fed millions of people, built hospitals to provide medical aid, negotiated labor contracts, and settled labor disputes for former slaves. However, the Freedman's Bureau brought lots of hatred from some whites and created conflicts.
The Radical Republican's are granting African American men the right to vote! I'm so glad they're going against what President Johnson wants.