Unfortunately, Mexican and Filipino farm workers were discriminated and mistreated for many years. They should not have had to fight for basic human rights in labor. Luckily, they had heroic leaders that helped them fight for the elimination of racism. People such as Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta left their mark on our society. Here is the story in which they took part in.
United Farm Workers: Their Journey By: Jennifer Gutierrez
During the 1940s, farm workers were forced to work under harsh conditions such as hot weather, using tools that hurt their bodies, having no bathrooms, and so much more. All this unjust work was done for the wage as low as $2.00. The farm owners got rid of the farm workers as soon as they were no longer needed. This made the farm workers realize that they were not being treated with the respect they should.
The workers' indignation led them to start major things that would earn them their rights. Cesar Chavez was the leading figure who had noticed the injustice of the farm workers. He led strikes against companies or people who ignored the manifested unfair labor in which the farm workers were involved in. Dolores Huerta was alongside Cesar Chavez and helped him give the farm workers their deserved rights.
¡HUELGA, HUELGA, HUELGA!
United Farm Workers
In 1962, Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta, and Philip Vera Cruz founded the United Farm Workers of America labor union. The union had over 10,000 members who wanted justice. It was established in Keene, California. Previous strikes helped them get a pay raise but their union was not acknowledged. They worked as one to get what they were all rooting for; absence of elimination.
This was also possible due to Philip working as a farmer which allowed him to understand the struggle. He also participated in strikes against low wages ad working conditions. In addition, he participated in the strike against payment amounts and working conditions.Then, he joined the National Farm Labor Union in the year 1950.
In the year of 1970, grape growers signed a contract to pay farm workers their fair amount. This was all thanks to Cesar Chavez who led strikes, 340-mile marches, and sacrificed his own health. He was a huge influence on this movement.
Eventually, the farmers received their rights and got payed fairly. They also eliminated other negative labor factors such as forcing fourteen year olds to work and finally getting a fair salary. There is still discrimination against people but Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta, and Philip Vera Cruz positively influenced acceptance in differences.