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June 24th 1948 Berlin Blockade Starts. Stalin cut off all rail and road links to west Berlin - the Berlin Blockade. Due to alleged technical difficulties. The west saw this as an attempt to starve Berlin into surrender (which it was), so they decided to supply west Berlin by air. Fuel and electricity was rationed during this and the black market was the only proper way of not being ripped off.
Sorry technical difficulties...
The Western Area was scared the first day since they thought Stalin was going to shoot the planes down. 275,000 planes flew over supplying food towards West Berlin. Cargo planes flew to tempelhof (American sector). There were to other sectors Gatow (British) and Tegel (French). The Allies carried 2.3 million tons of cargo in all over the course of the airlift.
By spring 1949 it was clear the Berlin Blockade had failed. The Berlin Blockade ended up lasting 318 days.
Berlin Blockade Ends on May 12th 1949. They reopened roads, canals and railway roots into the Western half of the city. Allies continued to stockpile supplies in Berlin just incase the Blockade was reinstated.
The Berlin Blockade, motivated the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) an alliance that still exists today. NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance between several North American and European states based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
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