english civil war

english civil war

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  • Meet Those Involved
  • James I
  • Oliver Cromwell
  • Oliver Cromwell was a Puritan. He led the New Model Army. His rule, post-war, was referred to as the Protectorate.
  • James I was an absolutist. He inherited the throne after Queen Elizabeth I died.
  • Parliament
  • Charles I
  • The parliament believed in constitutionalism.
  • Charles I was James I's son, also an absolutist like his father. He attempted to govern without parliament.
  • 3.
  • 1.
  • 1640 - 1641
  • Triennial Act is now passed!
  • 4.
  • 2.
  • Ireland
  • We will not let you exploit us!
  • Ship money is now an illegal tax.
  • England
  • 3.
  • 1642 - 1644
  • 1.
  • You will all be arrested!
  • We will defeat the Royalists!
  • 2.
  • 4.
  • We will defeat Parliament!
  • 1645 - 1646
  • 1.
  • Take that, Laud!
  • 2.
  • You're going down, Rupert.
  • 1.
  • 1. Charles I summons Parliament. 2. The House of Commons declares ship money to be a form of an illegal tax. 3. Parliament passes the Triennial Act, stating Parliament must be summoned once at least every 3 years. 4. Ireland Rebellion regarding English exploitation and uprising by the Catholic gentry, fearing invasion of anti-Catholic forces of British Parliament.
  • 1647 - 1649
  • Ha, got you Charles!
  • 2.
  • I need to get out of here...
  • Scotland
  • 1. Charles attempts to arrest 5 MPs, but does not succeed. 2. Charles travelled to the north of England to recruit an army, known as the Royalists. 3. Parliament formed its own army, known as the New Model Army. 4. Scottish Invasion; military support for Parliamentarian forces against the Royalists.
  • Connect
  • The Divine Right of Kings is a political and religious doctrine, asserting that a monarch has the divine right to authority and is only responsible to God.
  • 3.
  • 1. Execution of Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud, convicted due to high treason for his attempts of Catholic elements implementation in Scotland. 2. Battle of Naseby. The New Model Army against the Royalists. 3. The last of the Royalist army is defeated. 4. The New Model Army besieges Oxford.
  • Goodbye, Royalists!
  • 4.
  • Oxford is finally ours.
  • 3.
  • 1. Oliver Cromwell captures Charles I. 2. Charles is imprisoned. However, he escaped to the Isle of Wight. Parliamentarians recaptured him. 3. Rump Parliament, also known as the Commonwealth (republic), has the supreme authority to govern without influence of the traditional hierarchy. 4. Trial and execution of Charles I.
  • 4.
  • Protestants
  • In the early 17th century, there was an increasing number of people who were dissatisfied with the Anglican church, thus arising the Puritans, who wanted the church to get rid of Roman Catholic elements, such as vestments, ceremonials, and bishops. James I and Charles I supported Catholicism and Laud's ideas - his effort to impose the new prayer book and bishoprics in Scotland. However, Presbyterian Scots rejected the elements and revolted.
  • Catholics
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