Julius Caesar defeated Pompey and became dictator for life. He was then murdered by assassins hired by the Senate who believed his death would save the Republic.
509 B.C.E. - 14 C.E.
The Expansion of Rome
First Period of Expansion 509-264 B.C.E.
We got taxes and soldiers from those we conquered
We had 200 years of warfare, the Gaul's destroyed our city, and we were forced to be soldiers.
Between 509-264 B.C.E., we overthrew the Etruscans and our neighbors and conquered the entire Italian Peninsula!
Sadly, many soldiers died, farms were destroyed, and small farms were incorporated into estates. However, we gained riches, slaves, Greek ideas, and more land!
Second Period of Expansion 264-246 B.C.E.
We fought against the Carthaginians in the First, Second, and Third Punic Wars. We conquered Sicily, Spain, Macedonia, Greece, and North Africa.
Hannibal tried to defeat Rome with an army and elephants crossing the Alps!
Third Period of Expansion 145-44 B.C.E.
We conquered Gaul, Syria, Cyprus, & Asia Minor. Julius Caesar started projects to create jobs, new colonies, and gave people citizenship! However, we were constantly at war, taxes went up, jobs were lost to slaves, slaves revolted, and the republic fell.
After over 10 years of civil war, I, Octavian Caesar, became the first Roman Emperor. I was renamed Augustus and encouraged education, art, & literature. I started grand construction projects. I gave Rome its first firefighters, police, and library.
We conquered the land from Britain to the Red Sea.
The Pax Romana lasted for 200 years!
Harsh moral laws were put in place, entire armies were killed, & the Praetorian Guard (that later killed emperors) was created.
Fourth Period of Expansion 44 B.C.E.-14 C.E.
Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide after losing the Battle of Actium.