Photosynthesis and cellular respiration

Photosynthesis and cellular respiration

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Jennifer morales

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  • Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are interconnected in many ways: 
  • Photosynthesis creates glucose that cellular respiration uses to create ATP. 
  • The water is broken down and is used to create oxygen that is used in cellular respiration and is mixed with hydrogen to form water. 
  • 1.)Glycolysis 
  • Glucose Molecules are broken down into 2 pyruvic acid molecules that hold about 3 carbon molecules each.
  • Cellular Respiration
  • Cellular respiration uses the glucose created in photosynthesis and takes place in the mitochondria's matrix durning the kreb cycle.
  • Takes place in Cytoplasm
  • Net gain +2 ATP 
  •  Pyruvic acid moves into the Kreb cycle. Carbin dioxide is given off as waste here and ATP molecules are made. 
  • 2.) The Kreb Cycle
  • C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6H2O + 6CO2 + ATP
  • 3.) Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
  • Energy is transferred to a chain of proteins. This chain of proteins is located in the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Multiple ATP molecules are formed/created here.
  • ATP are molucles that transfer energy. 
  • Oxygen comes into place at this point. During cellular respiration, oxygen is used to create water molecules. Water and heat are released and given away as waste products.
  • Photosynthesis
  • Sunlight is trapped in the chlorophyll (light dependent reaction) and is used as energy.
  • Water is absorbed into the plant from its roots. 
  • Carbon dioxide gets absorbed in the plant is used to help make food for the plant called glucose (Light- independent reaction).
  • carbon dioxide + water ---> Glucose (energy)+ energy 6CO2 + 6H2O + light energy = C6H12O6 + 6O2
  • Oxygen is released into the atmosphere from the plant.
  • Glucose is created with ATP energy transferring carbon dioxide and adding phosphates
  • Alcoholic fermentation can happen in almost any environment as long as its anaerobic.
  • Fermentation
  • The Pyruvate and NADH from glycolysis enters. 
  • Overall this process, (Cellular Respiration) Is an aerobic process. This means when oxygen is available, the anaerobic fermentation process occurs. 
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