Buffalo soldiers was the name given by the Plains Indians to the four regiments of African Americans, and especially to the two cavalry regiments, that served on the frontier in the post-Civil War army. 180,000+ black soldiers had seen service in segregated regiments in the Union Army during the Civil war.
In 1869 the black infantry regiments were built up into two units, the Twenty-fourth United States Infantry and the Twenty-fifth United States Infantry. The two cavalry and two infantry regiments were confidant of black enlisted men commanded, with a very little exceptions like as Henry O. Flipper, by white officers.
From 1866 to the early 1890's the buffalo soldiers served at a array of posts in Texas, the Southwest and the Great Plains. They overcame prejudice from within the army and from the frontier communities they were assigned in, to compile an impressing service record.
They participated in most of the major frontier campaigns of the era and dignified themselves in action against the Cheyenne, Apache, Comanche, Kiowa, Sioux, and Arapaho Indians. With great officers such as Benjamin H. Grierson, Abner Doubleday, William Rufus Shafter, Joseph A. Mower and Edward Hatch, they were a relevant component of the frontier army.
After Indian wars ended in the 1890's the four regiments continued in service, with aspect cooperating in the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, and John J. Pershing's 1916 punitive expedition. The buffalo soldiers found themselves facing increasing racial prejudice at the turn of the century.
They were cut off from the restricted town they were stationed near, and wear the victims of slurs, harassment by the law, and beatings, and, sometimes, sniper attacks. As armed veterans of active service, they infrequently responded with violence.