The Battle of Gettysburg. Started July 1, 1863. One of the worst battles in the Civil War. General Joseph Hooker was a general that resigned days before Gettysburg. Lee vs. Sherman. Gettysburg was a crossroads town, and Lee was going to attack the North, he never tried again.
July 1, 1863 General Lee is suffering from information loss. He started to march to the North, and bring the fight to them. He sent a raiding party into Gettysburg, where the first contact was made. The Union retreated to Cemetery Ridge, where they held a key defensive position.
July 2, 1863 Little Round Top and Cemetery Ridge were the areas where the fighting was the worse. The Confederates started by attack Little Round Top, but retreated to attack Cemetery Ridge. They fought the rest of the day but gained only a few of the trenches up on the ridge.
The Gettysburg Address
Part 2, the charge starts. In part 1, the Union fired artillery for a while on the Confederates, and the Confederates fired back. The Union relented, which led Lee to think that they had seriously damaged the Union artillery. Pickett's charge was the center group, while the other Confederates attacked the flanks. Lee retreated, and told his men it was his fault.
July 3, 1863, 3 P.M. Pickett's Charge was to root the Union out of where they entrenched themselves. General Pickett took 15,000 to attack the Union. 7,500 Confederates died in the charge. A 2-part attack, Part 1, they hammered each other with artillery.
75,000 Confederates and 90,000 union troops participated. After this battle, Lee never attacked the North again. This is one of the fiercest battles in the Civil War. A massive turning point for the Union, they barely won.
Abraham Lincoln was the president of the United States during the civil war. One of the most famous speeches in history was one he gave, the Gettysburg Address. He gave it at the "Soldiers Cemetery." An excerpt: "Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and dedicated, can long endure."