Sex is the biological and anatomical differences between males and females. Gender is the culturally and socially created difference between males and females that guides and defines all expected behaviour from society and has nothing to do with biology. Gender inequality is the belief that men are better than women therefore women are seen as subordinate to men. The image displays a mother dressing her daughter like how a girl exceptionally dressed.
Ideology is the belief and values that supports and justify the ruling class. Gender ideology supports that there are only two genders. It has certain stereotypes that generalizes the two genders. For example, women should act feminine which is described as soft, passive, weak, dependent and are the natural caregivers and men should be masculine and are described strong, brave, dominant, independent, and the provider. People are to act accordingly to these description.
Structural Functionalist Perspective
Patriarchy refers to the male domination over women and children within the family and in society. It is when men hold all the power and deprive women from it. This allows employers to target men's insecurities. If a man loses his job, it loses his purpose for in society, men are seen as the breadwinner and the provider.
Feminism is the belief that women and men should have equal rights. They use theories to attempt to explain gender inequality and why this should be fixed. Feminists fight for specific rights such as reproductive rights, the right to maternity leave and return to work. An example they often use is "Rosie the Riveter", which represents the women that worked in factories during world war II when men were fighting at the war, proving that women are capable to of doing the labour work that men do.
The structural functionalist perspective had a traditional view on gender roles. This perspective maintained that gender roles in society has a purpose and is functional for society as a whole therefore justifies the gender inequality. Women had to perform certain tasks such as take care of the family in the private realm, which is often the home, as women are described to be nurturing while men were the breadwinners and worked in the public realm, for they are more dominant, which is what is displayed in the image above.
The Marxist-Feminist Theory emerged with the class-based society. During this time, the monogamous family rose, men became the head of the family and women's division of labour was to only take care of the children. Women were to only have one partner, and their partner had property of them. This benefited the men at the top of the class system that owned private properties because they have legitimate heirs to pass their properties to. Women and their sexuality became property of men.