My family is from Russia! Where is your family from?
My family is from Mexico!
Herbert Spencer's Theory
It's so cold! I should wear pants and a jacket so I don't get sick!
Good thing we can afford this big house!
Example of a common stereotype:
1. Race is used to categorize and define groups of people who are physically and genetically different from another group. One can find the difference in the skin or hair colour, or facial expressions of a person. Racism is the belief that one racial category is superior or inferior to another as well as the social categorization that either denies or grants access to power. Is it believed by many people that the groups closer to a white skin tone are superior than the rest and that the whites are more dominant than other races.
You're African-American. You must be good at basketball!
Example of a common stereotype:
2. Herbert Spencer is an English sociologists that was influenced by Charles Darwin's theory on the evolution. He used science to explain how the social system works and its ability to evolve. Animal species needs to evolve due to the change in environments. Societies go through the same changes as the environment changes. To survive, you must compete with one another for the limited resources. This is when Spencer came up with the term, "survival of the fittest", the strongest one survives.
3. Herbert Spencer came up with "Social Darwinism". The competition began where the strongest societies must adapt in order to flourish and survive while the weak societies perish. This made a connection between society and race, for simpler societies are developed into complex ones. Simpler societies are the simpler race who haven't evolved the same way white people have. People gained money and power for they were able to adapt better to the changes in environment. This is the racial hierarchy in Western societies, where white people are found on top.
Edward Said and Orientalism
4. Stereotypes reduce people to a few simple and essential characteristics. It gives things, people, and events a general idea of classification. We understand them in types that are simple, memorable, and vivid, and reduce everything to these assumed traits and exaggerate them. These are used as a foundation of the person and what we base our stereotypes upon. Once these stereotypes are set, they are stuck on the groups. This can happen to any society and to any group.
5. We divide everything normal from the abnormal and exclude things and groups that don't fit in. The "abnormal" group, the minority group, are usually discriminated against. There is a division between US and THEM; "US" are those that fit in and are pre-determined to be normal, and "THEM", is everything that is opposite of them. Stereotyping occurs where there is a a big inequality of power distribution. In society, we see minorities in media reduced to the exaggerated stereotypes that has been imprinted on them.
You're Chinese, you must be good at math!
6. Edward Said was a Palestinian scholar, theorist, and sociologist who came up with the term Orientalism. This was produced due to the ideology that the European culture created which made the meaning of the Orient. Western culture created stereotypes to generalize the people of the Middle East. Said insisted that with power, new knowledge and ideology arises. He believed that this molds the practices and institutions on a micro and macro level.