People may be killed and injured, transportation would be affected, as roads and railways could become damaged, and finally, communication may also be disrupted as radio towers can be damaged.
Sometimes, earthquakes can have serious mental health effects on residents.
People whose homes have been damaged may have to stay inside refugee camps or shelters until their house has been fixed.
Oh no! If all those things are going to happen, how are people going to go to work and school?
As you can see, not only do earthquakes affect the environment, but also affect everyday life for us.
Firstly, the repair costs would require a large sum of money, and the cleanup would be just as costly.
Secondly, like every other natural disaster, industries, businesses, and shops would have to close down, having an impact on the economy.
Thirdly, as mentioned before, transportation may be affected. Not only would this make people loose their jobs, but it would also impact trade. If we can't import and export goods, then we will quickly run out of money and resources.
Is there anyway we can track earthquakes and warn people beforehand?
Luckily, there is. Although prediction techniques are not 100% reliable, they are the best shot we have at detecting earthquakes.
Another way to detect earthquakes is with radon emissions. When tectonic plates move, radon is released from cavities and cracks in the earth’s crust. So when we detect high concentrations of radon gas in soil or groundwater, it signals that an earthquake is bound to happen soon.
A seismograph is an instrument that records seismic waves from earthquakes. Scientists use this to detect earthquakes and can warn the public about it if they detect one.
What can we do to reduce the risks of earthquakes to our city?
Another thing we can do is educate people on what to do during an earthquake. Strong buildings are important, but if people don't know how to stay safe in an earthquake, there will be a lot of casualties that could've been prevented.
We can do a lot of things. Firstly, we could build earthquake resistant structures. The majority of deaths from earthquakes are caused by damaged buildings, so if we build structures that can resist seismic waves from earthquakes and stay strong, it would save lots of lives.
Finally, since tsunamis are very common during earthquakes, seawalls should be built in all areas next to the coastline. If a tsunami manages to get onto land, the effects could be devastating.
Aren't there any rules and regulations that make things safer?
Another law should make it so that everyone needs to have an app that warns them about earthquakes on their phone. People carry their phones everywhere, and if there was an earthquake, we would want everyone to know as soon as possible.
One important law that should be emplaced is to make it so that buildings in earthquake prone areas must meet certain standards that will prevent it from being damaged by an earthquake or collapsing.