Brown vs The Board of Education was a court case regarding the "the separation but equal" concept of the law. Brown was one of the 4 parents who took action against segregation In the school systems.
There were 5 court cases from Kansas, Delaware, District of Colombia, South Carolina, and Virginia, all of which went against racial segregation in public schools. Those cases were put under the name Brown vs The Board of Education.
The Supreme Court had ruled unanimously that the segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional. This helped establish the underlying meaning of "Separation but equal" was far from equality.
Roe was a texas resident in favor of terminating her pregnancy through abortion. The Texas law states an abortion can be an option only if the mother's life is in danger.
The court had decided a woman's right to an abortion was protected by the right to privacy under the fourteenth amendment. After the ruling 46 states were affected by their decision.