Monhenjo Daro and the Indus Civilizations
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The Indus river civilization had lived 5,000 years ago in the country we now call Pakistan and Northern India. The largest Indus cities were named Harrappa and Mohenjo- Daro. The Indus people lived next to the Indus river. The streets were laid out in a grid. some areas of the cities were for poor people and some were for rich. some things they traided was pots, beads, and cotton material. The seals they used were stones with flat bottoms with carving written on the bottom.
Every day life in the Indus valley was sometimes hard. homes were small and were used as workshops. houses also had other houses built on top of them. There was not much space to relax. For showers they steped on a brick and dumped water on themselves. For toilets they would use the bathroom then it would go down a pipe. For pets they had birds, lizards, monkeys, and snakes. Some jobs there were was farming, grinding grain to make flour, and spining and weaving cotton bags.
The Indus people had 400 pictures as part of their writing. The priest king was a very important ruler. They also believed in a mother goddess. They believed this goddess gave health and fertility. When people died they were buried in pots with clay figures. They had a belief in a afterlife.
The Indus civilization ended in about 1700B.C. The civilization lived for around 200 years. The abandoning of the Indus cities was caused by draining getting plugged, and becoming crowded by houses being built on top of each other. The end of trading led to abandoning of the cities because there was less work for traders and manufactures.
the Indus religon had a sacred animal. A cow. They had a great bath that they used for religious purposis. The way they kept the city safe and clean is because they had acess to clean water and had no army.
Archaeologists think there was no war because of the few signs of weapons or battles. There was a change in the river that made soil not fertile for farming. The repeating flooding would make a build up of salt making it hard to farm. Then the river dried up which is areason the people abandoned the city.
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