On Nov. 15, 1842, 25 slaves escaped from the Joseph Vann Plantation in the Cherokee Nation.
The slaves stole horses, mules, rifles, ammo and supplies to make it to Mexico where slavery was banned. A Cherokee search party was sent to bring them back.
The slaves met up with Creek slaves and two of them were killed and 12 were captured by Creek pursuers near the Canadian River. The Creek slaves joined their party.
The slaves found Edward and Wilson, known fugitive hunters, they were killed and their Choctaw slaves were added to the group. They continued to Mexico.
The Cherokee Lighthouse Militia was sent to find the slaves and return them. They appointed John Drew as captain. They were found after being confused on deciding if they should go South or West to Mexico.
Cherokee Nation Council ordered 5 fugitive slaves to be held for trial at Fort Gibson. They were executed for the murder of Wilson and Edwards. The rest were returned to their plantations. This was the largest slave revolt in an Indian Territory.