Wow, that wave is huge! I wonder what waves are made up of, and what they are exactly...
Hey, Jordy! I heard you were wondering about waves. We are learning about them currently in school, and they are pretty gnarly. Basically, a wave is a disturbance that transfers energy from place to place! They are made up of vibrations.
Well, actually, there are all different kinds of waves! For instance, transverse waves and longitudinal waves. A beach wave is a perfect example of a transverse wave. That boat over there is causing vibrations, which then creates waves.
Transverse waves are waves in which the particles of the medium move up and down at right angles to the direction of the wave motion. Transverse waves consists of crests, and troughs.
See that lady throwing a stone? Well, the ripples from the stone is an example of a longitudinal wave. This means that the particles of the medium move back and forth in the direction of the wave motion. This wave includes rarefaction's and compressions.
Thank you so much! Now I know plenty about both, longitudinal, and transverse waves. How about we all do the wave to celebrate. If I am correct, that is another example of a longitudinal wave!