One day, Clarence Earl Gideon was charged in Florida state court with felony breaking and entering.
Gideon V. Wainwright (1963)
Due to this, he could not afford an attorney and was sentenced to five years in prison. He filed a habeas corpus for not getting his constitutional right to be represented by counsel.
Gideon wanted an attorney, but according to Florida State Law they only appoint an attorney to an indigent defendant in capital cases.
The question that the Supreme Court had to answer: "Does the Sixth Amendment's right to counsel in criminal cases extend to felony defendants in state courts?"
"I deserve the right to counsel! It is my Sixth Amendment right!"
"We are looking into the constitution to see if your habeas corpus petition will stand in our court."
The verdict by the court was a unanimous 9-0 decision for Gideon stating that the Sixth Amendment's of a right to assistance of counsel applies to criminal defendants in state court by way of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Gideon V. Wainwright extended the right to counsel, which is found under the Sixth Amendment to impose requirements on the federal government and state governments. It also freed 2,000 individuals from Florida alone due to this decision.