The Main author of the Declaration of Independence is Thomas Jefferson. This document was declaring independence for the colonists. The three main ideas of this were 1. All men possess unalienable rights 2. King is in direct violation of colonists rights: Taxation without Representation. 3. "social contract"- Rulers should protect the rights of citizens- look out for their overall best interests.
At Valley Forge, no battle was actually fought. This was a time where more than 1/5 of the population die of disease and malnutrition. Due to it being winter, there was harsh temperatures and little supplies.
Colonist Delegates meet in Philadelphia to decide how to react to the battle at Lexington and Concord. They decide not to break away from Britain and created a Continental Army with George Washington in Command. The Olive Branch Petition is signed by the colonists for a final peace attempt and the king rejects it.