Ines and Jorid
Potsdam Conference July 17th-August 2nd 1945, the USSR was not present. Germany was divided into four sectors: American, British, French and USSR.
Berlin was also split into 2 sections: West and East. Britain, France and America joined their sectors to create West Germany in July 1945.
June 23rd, West Germany had a currency reformation to help its economy. Stalin cut off all links to West Germany after the change of currency, he saw it as a "violation of the Potsdam agreement". Stalin cut off ailroads to West Berlin due to a shortage of coal and technical difficulties.
West Berlin was going to be supplied by air. 275,000 flights came into Berlin in the 318 days of the Blockade. The planes transported 1.5 million tonnes of supplies. It only took 7 minutes to load 9 tonnes on a plane.
West Berlin was living on the edge. Starvation, poverty and minimal electricity were to be seen. East Berlin was the complete opposite, they were seen as "rich".
May 12th 1949, the Soviets reopened the borders after realising the blockade failed. The blockade had been broken by a U.S.-British airlift bringing vital supplies to West Berlin’s two million citizens, giving them better quality food, electricity and jobs again.
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