Auckland was first settled by Maori people around 1350. Auckland was a great location with two harbours and with fertile soils for farming. The Māori constructed terraced pa on the volcanic peaks.
Wealth from Farming
The Nga Tai tribe, descended the Tainui canoe, settled in Maraetai. Other Tainui descendants were Te Kawerau-a-Maki. The Ngati Te Ata tribe was based south of the Manukau at Waiuku.
1740-1750 The Migration
From 1600 to 1750 the Tamaki tribes terraced the volcanic cones, building pā. Across the isthmus they developed 2,000 hectares of kumara gardens.
1821 The Ngapuhi Invasion
Due to the growth a large kumara farm, it was pre-European New Zealand’s most wealthy and populous area.
Between 1740 and 1750, Ngati Whatua-o-Kaipara moved south, invading the isthmus and killing Kiwi Tamaki, paramount chief of Wai-o-Hua.
Ngāpuhi leader Hongi Hika attacked two Ngāti Pāoa pa: Mauinaina and Mokoia. Killing hundreds and enslaving hundreds more. Hika repeated the slaughter at Te Totara, the Ngati Maru fortress near Thames.