A sudden cardiac arrest is... An unexpected, tragic event “unexpected death occurring as a result of natural causes in which loss of all functions occurred instantaneously or within 6hrs of onset of symptoms” 80% deaths due to inherited/congenital structural abnormalities 90% victims are male Majority occur during or immediately after strenuous physical activity Exercise strong trigger,not a cause A number of high-profile cases in football, e.g. Fabrice Muamba
Oh no! What's up with Kevin?
"Liam, call 999, tell them exactly where we are and that it's a suspected cardiac arrest. Bring back the defibrillator from the changing room"
The above list would be bullet pointed and would also go forward with an introduction to the module
ABC - Airway, Breathing, Circulation
It's a warm Sunday afternoon and two teams are having a friendly match at their club. All seem to be having fun when the goalie suddenly collapses.
Stay Calm and Focused
He does have a good colour, maybe he is alright?
One of the players had sone some online training so she knows what to do. She speaks in a loud voice asking Kevin if he is alright, he doesn't respond so she pinches his earlobe really hard but he still doesn't respond.
Start Compressions and Rescue Breaths
It would be better if we had a pocket mask or face shield to use.
Kevin hasn't got any injuries so she knows it's safe to tilt his head back to open his airway, she then looks to see if Kevin has anything stuck in his throat. She remembers to look, listen and feel for any sign of breathing, she places her cheek next to Kevin's mouth, she asks the guy sitting next to her to count to ten so she can be sure she has checked for long enough.
we need to check his ABC.
Next is circulation, she checks Kevin's eyes but they seem fixed like he doesn't really see her and there are no signs of movement at all so she decides that she needs to start CPR. "It's a good job you're here," she says to her helper, otherwise I would have to leave Kevin and get help." "I'm glad I can help, my names Ben."
He's been playing football so he will be hot and sweaty, I can't see any obvious signs of life, we need to start CPR straight away. Can you do the compressions if I explain what to do?
She performs the rescue breath into Kevin's mouth ensuring 1 rescue breath for a total of 1-second she pauses whilst she watches his chest rise then fall then provides the second rescue breath, in the same manner, and makes sure that the rescue breaths take no longer than 5-seconds then Ben continues immediately with the chest compressions
"Kneel by his side, press down in a rhythmic manner, with the heels of your interlocked hands in the centre of Kevin's chest. Keep your arms straight with your shoulders over Kevin's chest then release the pressure, without losing contact with his chest. Depth should be 5-6cm as he's an adult, you need to do 100-120 compressions in 1 minute with a ratio of 30 compressions to 2 rescue breaths." I'll count the compressions for you and do the rescue breaths.