I have three goals gentlemen. First, I want to prevent future French aggression by surrounding France with strong countries. Second...
*People saw democracy as the best way to ensure equality and justice for all. The social attitudes and assumptions that had dominated Europe for centuries had changed dawning a new era.
The most influential representative, Prince Clemens von Metternich (the foreign minister of Austria), had 3 goals that aided in succeeding in establishing long-lasting peace and stability in Europe.
Representatives of the five "great powers", Russia, Prussia, Austria, Great Britain, and France, make up the Congress of Vienna, European heads of government looking to establish long-lasting peace and stability on the continent after the defeat of Napoleon. A series of secretive meetings in Vienna are called to set up policies to achieve this goal. These policies include The Containment of France, Balance of Power, and Legitimacy.
* Finally, a series of alliances devised by Metternich, called the Concert of Europe, ensured that nations would help one another if any revolutions broke out.
Czar Alexander I, Emperor Francis I of Austria, and King Frederick William III of Prussia are very nervous about the legacy of the of the French Revolution and worry that the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity might encourage revolutions elsewhere. Therefore, the rulers sign an agreement called the Holy Alliance pledging to base their relations with other nations on Christian principals in order to combat the forces of revolution. *
The size and power of France was diminished while the power of Britain and Prussia increased. Nationalism began to spread in Italy, Germany, Greece, and other areas that the Congress had put under foreign control. Eventually, the nationalistic feelings would explode into revolutions, and new nations would be formed. *