Start of the French Revolution
Long term causes of the revolution
Tennis Court Oath
Over a long period of time the French were constantly being put into debt by a lot of different causes. The causes were from spending the money that the country did not have. With this happening the French started to get angry, especially the third estate. With being in constant debt the 3rd estate ended up having to pay more and more taxes for the government even though the 1st and 2nd estate still didn't have to.
Storming of Bastille
To counter this King Louis XIV called Jaques Necker, but the nobles and clergy had him dismissed because they didn't want to pay taxes. After this happened the king decided to call the estates general. To list complaints they made something called cahiers (notebooks listing grievances). However, this system wasn't fair because it called representative from the estates, and one hand would count for one vote. The result is you would usually have the 1st and 2nd estates ganging up on the 3rd estate, so they would never win.
With this going on the third estate was tired of it. They made something called the National Assembly so they can make votes without it turning into a battle against them. However they were forced out of their meeting place; that didn't stop them though. They went to an Indoor Tennic Court and made the Tennis Court oath. That oath stated they "will never separate or stop meeting until they have a just constitution.
After this the King was starting to get worried, he sent soldiers to Paris to help stop the 3rd estate. They did not like this, so they set up and got weapons and guns. They were missing one thing though, gunpowder. They marched to Bastille, a political prison. They asked for the powder first, but the general refused. He opened fire on the crowd so they stormed the medieval prison. They killed the general, and freed a few prisoners. This symbol is known as their independence day, celebrated since July 14, 1789.
The Revolution started with the Storming of Bastille. It was followed by a period of great fear for the Third Estate. Inflamed by famine, peasants unleashed their fury by burning houses and stealing crops. The National Assembly decided to act on this unjust constitution, and abolished Feudalism.
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