All persons held as slaves within the rebellious states are, and henceforward shall be free.
Any man aged 20 to 25 can be drafted for 3 years in military service but can avoid this by paying a substitute to take their place
The Battle of Gettysburg
On the first day of 1863, Abraham Lincoln announced that all slaves in the Confederate States were free. He did this to discourage the support of European Nations to the Confederate States. While this had little effect on slavery, it was considered a pivotal point in abolishing slavery in America
Opposition on the Union Home Front
In 1862, the Confederacy passed their first draft law that stated; that any white man aged 18-35 could be called for 3 years of military service. The next year, the Union passed a similar law with the ages 20-45.
During the summer of 1863, General Robert E. Lee wanted to start another invasion into the North. His plan was to capture the city and then seek peace with the North. Both sides meet on July 1st with a 90000 force of Union forces against 75000 Confederate forces. The final result of the battle was 17500 Union casualties along with 23000 Confederate troops. Lee lost one third of his army and then retreated back to Virginia after the battle
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address
Even though the Union won the Gettysburg northern Democrats wanted to restore peace instead of preserving the Union or ending slavery. Then a group of pro-slavery attacked Union soldiers marching through Maryland. Lincoln suspended the right of habeas corpus, and during this time citizens didn't have the rights to trial before being jailed
The Union draft law provided a lot of controversy and some northerners resented against being forced to fight in the war. In July 1863, a riot broke in New York and for four days mobs of New Yorkers started to burn draft offices and battled against police. But many African Americans were targeted and about 100 black New Yorkers died as a result of these riots
About four months after the draft riots Lincoln went to Gettysburg and invited to speak in dedication to the new burial grounds. More than 15000 people gathered at Cemetery Ridge couldn't hear what Lincoln had to say. This was Lincoln's famous Gettysburg Address about the Civil War.