Revolutionary War Battles

Revolutionary War Battles

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  • Bunker Hill
  • Saratoga
  • Lexington and Concord
  •  In Boston in June, 1775, Militiamen seized Bunker Hill and Breed's Hill behind Charlestown. The American's Built Fortifications on Breed's hill and the British decided to attack. The British General was General William Howe and the American General was Colonel William Prescott. General Howe crossed the bay with 2,200 British soldiers. When the Colonel saw the British he told the militiamen "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes"(Prescott, 1775). When the British came close the militia released murderous fire. the British fell back then charged again and finally forced the militia off the hill but at a great cost. The British lost more than 1,000 men.
  • Fort Sackville
  • Burgoyne's army was running out of supplies. They moved slowly through the heavy rain to a former army camp at Saratoga. Once the arrived the soldiers were tired and fell in the mud and slept in their wet uniforms. "The continental army then surrounded Burgoyne's army and fired on it day and night without stopping" (Littell, n.d). The continental army was led by General Horatio Gates. Burgoyne surrendered. 
  • Trenton
  • At dawn on April, 19 700 British troops marched to Lexington and found about 70 militiamen waiting for them led by Captain John Parker. The British told them to drop their guns but they refused. No one know she who fired first but A few minutes later 8 militiamen lay dead and the British marched toward Concord. This was called the shot heard ‘round the world”. The British destroyed military supplies and a battle broke out on a bridge north of jthe town and the British and their General, General Gage, were forced to retreat. Nearly 4,000 Minutemen and Militiamen lined the road and peppered the redcoats with musket fire. 
  • Valley Forge
  • Clark and his men set out to retake Fort Sackville. They went to Vincennes from Kaskaskia in February 1779. Hamilton, the British General wasn't expecting an attack because the river was overflowing and flooded them. Clark's men "slogged through miles of icy swamps". They caught the British by surprise and when the British tried to stay in the fort, Clark pretended to have a bigger army than he did. He had also captured Native Americans that were allies of Britain and executed some of them in front of the fort. The British surrendered and this gave America control of the region between the Great and the Ohio River.
  • Late on December 25, 1776, Washington and his troops rowed across the icy Delaware River to New Jersey. "they marched in bitter, early morning cold" to Trenton to surprise the Hessians. German spies that are for hire. Some of the Hessians were sleeping because of the Christmas celebration. The American troops captured or killed 900 Hessians. This proved that that the American army was better than the British army thought. New recruits joined the Continental Army. 
  • In late 1777 Britain's General Howe forced Washington to retreat from Philadelphia. At the beginning of 1778, the winter was harsh and Washington's army was short on supplies. Washington and his army camped at Valley Forge in southeast Pennsylvania. During the march to Valley Forge Washington's army had very little supplies including, shoes. The men left tracks of blood on the snow as they marched and the soldiers condition did not better at the camp. Luckily, on New Year's Day a group of women drove oxen into the camp pulling wagons of supplies and 2,000 shirts. The oxen were killed for food and the soldiers survived.  Under such circumstances the soldiers would usually desert but they did not and the army was kept together because of "Love of our Country".
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