Princible #1genetic variation:On the Artic Wolf /polar wolf or white wolf are more varible than the wolfes.female wolfes are slightly more smaller than the male wolfe .Female wolfs can give birth to 2-3 . wolfes are seen along norther and eastern coastline of Greenland.
Princible #2:Over population and selective presures:female woles give birth in lat may to early june having 2-3.The populatio of the wolfes are at a average range for them to prduce even mor mainly a pack of 4 is mainly rare .
Princible#3 differential survival and reprduction:wolves mainly hunt together having a powerful pack trying to hunt a much larger prey to take it down .they chase there prey a few miles or distance .they usally dont give up until one get leaved behing injured causing them to leave .
Princible#4 Changes in the gene pool:many studys showed that the artic wolfs are very similar to the grey wolf.the genes are inherited from progenitor the artic wolfs are not recognized as legitimate subspecies because of the research by ESA .