History Comic Strip Formative Part 2
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The Arms Race began the tension in 1945, between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. Both of these superpowers competed for resources and technology, creating terrible tensions that escalated to extraordinary heights. While other countries like China, Great Britain and France remained calm throughout, the U.S.S.R. showed their strong disagreement and discontent with the ideas and policies of the U.S. On the other hand, the U.S. was ambitious to dominate the world in many fields, but they did not want other countries to follow their example.
The tension between Communism and Great Britain along with the rest of the Western world can be also seen through the Iron Curtain Speech given by Winston Churchill in 1946. He tried to convince others to agree with him that the Soviet power was becoming “extreme” and that they should be stopped. In his speech, Churchill stated that it was his duty “to place before you certain facts about the present position in Europe” in a neutral perspective.
However, it was pretty biased as he criticized the “Soviet sphere” and the way communist power controlled many of the flourished cities. He also asserted, “I do not believe that Soviet Russia desires war. What they desire is the fruits of war and the indefinite expansion of their power and doctrines.” Then, Churchill mentions that they have to consider the “permanent prevention of war and the establishment of conditions of freedom and democracy as rapidly as possible in all countries." Generally, through his speech, Winston Churchill exposed his disagreemen towards Russia’s wills.
The speech given by the U.S.S.R. leader Nikita Khrushchev in 1956 was also one of the events that contributed to the tension between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. It clearly showed the relationship between the two superpowers. In this speech, Khrushchev condemned the U.S. and called them hypocritical, as they wanted to achieve world dominance under the guise of establishing world peace.
He stated, “They claim they have united for defense against the "communist threat," But this is sheer hypocrisy!… Today the “anti-communism” slogan is being used as a smoke screen to cover up the claims of one power for world domination. The United States wants, by means of blocs and pacts, to secure a dominant position in the capitalist world.” He believes that the greed of the U.S. will create an imbalance of power in the world, where capitalist countries will rise and crush Communism and all it encompasses, including the U.S.S.R. itself. He warns against this threat, foreshadowing conflict.
In the Truman Doctrine Speech given by President Harry S. Truman in 1947, the United States presented their plan in providing political, military and economic assistance to all of the democratic nations, that are threatened by authoritarian forces. It can be easily seen how Truman seeks to make the U.S. sound better in a way in which they can be seen as the powerful and benevolent nation that fulfills the Greek state’s necessities. Additionally, this doctrine also convinced many nations to become democratic.
Yes! Thank you!
Do you understand the Cold War and its events now?
Truman, intentionally talking about the damages caused by Communism, stated “The very existence of the Greek state is today threatened by the terrorist activities of several thousand armed men, led by Communists, who defy the government's authority.” Overall, he tries to give trust to the audience that his country’s leadership will lead to democracy, freedom, and welfare of the nations. He ends his speech exposing his belief that it is their great “responsibilities” to help settle democracy and peace in the world.
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