Before the No Child Left Behind Act, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act was the education law that passed during the Cold War period because, at the time, the US needed new technological improvements and people who had an education.
The No Child Left Behind was a re-authorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the main focus of the No Child Left Behind Act was to provide a fair and equal opportunity to obtain a high-quality education.
The purpose is of the act is to close academic gaps between economically advantaged students and students who are from different economic, racial, and ethnic backgrounds as well as students with disabilities. Also, the Act focused on improving the performance of English-language learners, students in special education, and poor and minority children.
The significance of the No Child Left Behind Act is that all kids, no matter what their economic status was or their abilities, everyone got an equal opportunity to an education.
Report cards are given for each school and district to show if they are succeeding. School District Report Cards show which subgroups make AYP (Adequate Yearly Progress) in specific academic areas.