On March 6th, 1857, the Supreme Court told Dred Scott he had no right to file a law suit to become a free citizen because he was a slave and did not possess those rights, even though he had been living in a free state for many years.
7 states secede from the Union
Tension grew between the North and the South dramatically because the Southern states saw the decision as a victory and slavery continued on.
Lincolns Emancipation Proclamation
In 1859, John Brown and 22 other men raided a federal arsenal. 10 people were killed, and John Brown was hung.
Slavery is gone for good
On December 20th, 1860, South Carolina secedes from the Union. Within two months Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas also seceded from the Union.
On January 1st, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln made the Emancipation Proclamation official, abolishing slavery for good.
Slavery went from being highly favored to being gone for good, even though it tore the United States apart.