Your neurons are the specialized cells that make up your nervous system. They are responsible for transmitting information to the brain. In this example, the nerves in your hand let you know that you have been burned.
5) Myelin Sheath - the fatty substance that covers and protect the neurons
4) Terminal Branches/Buttons - responsible for sending the signal on to other neurons
2) Dendrites - a short branched extension of a nerve cell, along which impulses received from other cells at synapses are transmitted to the cell body.
There are many parts of a neuron that complete many tasks. Here are the main ones:
1) Axons - the long threadlike part of a nerve cell along which impulses are conducted from the cell body to other cells
3) Soma - the cell body of the neuron that contains the nucleus