Leonardo da Vinci: Ah, perspective does seem to give it more realism...
I can make papers faster with this machine! Now everyone can read what I have said!
Martin Luther: With this, I can show everyone my grievances to the Catholic Church!
Humanism was one of the big changes in the Renaissance, as people believed more on human achievement. Artists put more realism and perspective in their art, and since more people were able to read, more people got knowledge.
There were many advanced in technology, as when the printing press was made, information could be spread quickly, and more would be able to read it.
Galileo: It seems that all the planets revolve around the sun, not the earth...
The Reformation began with Martin Luther having grievances with the Catholic Church, and hung his 95 theses in the door to talk about his indulgences agains the church. This sparked the Reformation, in which new religions like Lutherism were created. The reformation even led to people in Europe getting divided and warfare between within states, like the Thirty Years war. National rulers would even take values from the protestant church, and people questioned authority.
Hobbes: I believe in absolute monarchy!
Red Arrows represent the columbian exchange. Yellow Arrows represent the Triangular Trade. In the columbian exchange, European countries would give out much new livestock, and the new lands would give new new crops. In the Triangular trade Europe would give manufactured goods to Africa and America, Africa gives slaves to America, and America would give raw materials. This is known as mercantilism.
In exploration, new land was found by European explorers like Columbus, Dias, and Gama in both the Americas and in Asia as well. The Columbian exchange brought in new food to both the New World and Old World, but also with diseases that killed much of the population.In the Triangular trade based on Mercantilism, which was an economic system based on trade between the Europeans, Africans, and the Americans.
The scientific revolution was a major part of Enlightenment, as it brought new ideas about mathematics, astronomy, physics, etc. Galileo and Copernicus were the ones which brought in the idea that all the planets, including the Earth, revolved around the sun.
In the Enlightenment, new ideas were brought in on government, like Hobbes's Idea of "absolute monarchy" and Locke's idea of "moderate monarchy." Other people like Rosseau believed in social contract, while Montesquie was about separating all three forms of government, and Voltaire on equal rights for all people.