Charles Fourier was a French reformer who brought up the idea of a new economic system called socialism. In socialism, the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all. Socialist also believed public ownership would help workers, who were at the mercy of their employers.
Alright lets quiz each other for our history test later. Who was Charles Fourier and what ideas did he bring up?
Unions were workers who joined together in voluntary labor associations. Unions engaged in collective bargaining, negotiations between workers and their employers. They bargained for better working conditions and higher pay.
Alright, now what are unions and unionization?
Good job, now what could workers do if their employers refused these demands?
Workers could go on strike, or refuse to work.
Some examples for reform of laws are, in the 1820s and 1830s, Parliament began investigating child labor and working conditions in factories and mines. Parliament passed the Factory Act of 1833, which made put restrictions on child labor. In 1847, parliament passed a bill that helped working women as well as their children. This is called the Ten House Act of 1847 which limited the workday to ten hours for women and children in factories. In 1904, a group of progressive reformers in the United States organized the National Child Labor Committee to end child labor.