Before the Mongols rose into power, there was conflict within the civilization as a Civil War had broken out among the warring Mongolian Tribes.
Genghis Khan (Temujin) had united the warring tribes together with his courage and shifted their focus onto warring with tribes outside of their own which sparks the beginning of the dominant Mongol Empire.
The Mongols, with their combination of powerful horseback's and skilled archers, they were able to engulf any piece of land they laid eyes on. Women from young girls to adults were mistreated and sexually harassed as the ruthless Mongols continued to grow in size and number.
Throughout the reign of the Mongols, they were able to have many successes and advancements in every aspect, specifically politically. They were able to shift away from Feudalism and established their own governing system along with Mongolian rule came the Pax Mongolica which linked eastern and western cultures allowing for the spread of ideas, technologies, and trade.
In the year 1260, there was a battle between the Mamlucks (Yellow and Grey) and the Mongols (Orange and Red). This was known as The Battle of Ain Jalut.
The Battle of Ain Jalut was ultimately the beginning of the end for the Mongolian Empire. The defeat by the Mamlukes kept the Mongols from moving into the Holy land and Egypt. Their control over the land they had conquered had become weaker and weaker until they lost all control.