"If men are not naturally in a state of war, why do they always carry arms and why do they have keys to lock their doors?"(Document 2B).
“The spirit of moderation should also be the spirit of the lawgiver"(Doc 4B).
Baron De Montesquieu
BACKGROUND -Born in England in 1588 -Fleed to Paris to become a become a political philosopher
-Wrote Leviathon in 1651 -Believed that all men are equal which leads to competition -Believed in an absolute monarchy -"Hobbes did not believe that people should be trusted to make their own decisions"(Doc 2B).
-Wrote the Spirit of Laws in 1748 about how he thought the governments should be organized - His Beliefs influenced many later thinkers even the ones who wrote the U.S. Constitution
BACKGROUND -Born in France is 1689 -Attended catholic school -Later became a lawyer
-uncle died in 1716, Montesquieu inherited the title of baron along with his uncle’s fortune -In 1721, Montequieu achieved fame as a writer with a satirical book called Persian Letters"(Doc 4B).