The introduction of private property rights to Hawaii allowed large sugar plantations to be started, many of them by descendants of American missionaries
With tactic US approval, wealthy residents of mostly European decent began planningan overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy with the intent to make Hawaii a US territory
Queen Liliuokalani gives suffrage to Hawaiian natives and immigrant Asian farm workers to restrain the growing, corrupt power of the resident alien landowners.
A committee of businessmen and landowners declared a new regime to be led by Sanford Dole, the cousin of the eventual founder of the Dole Pineapple Company.
Citing "instability" US State Department minister John Stevens ordered 250 US Marines to come ashore from a nearby warship allegedly to protect the lives and properties of Hawaiians and the new regime
Queen instructs her royal guards to surrender to the US and gives a written statement: "I yield to the superior force of the United States of America, whose Minister Plenipotentiary, His Excellency John L. Stevens, has caused United States troops to be landed at Honolulu and declared that he would support the said Provisional Government"