I am living in a colony! If you don't know what a colony is, a colony is a new area established and ruled by a government in another place.
The Middle Colonies had, New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware and New Jersey. The New England Colonies had Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Connecticut.
For example, I'm living in one of the 13 colonies! The Southern Colonies, South Carolina. The rest in Southern Colonies, are, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina and Georgia.
The British taxed the colonists because that was the way to solve the tax problem. The colonists were angry about this. The colonists would send threats to tax agents, such as making a doll and chopping the head off.
"No taxation without representation' means, that the colonists will boycott. (Refuse to buy) Also, they will protest to overrule taxes.
No taxation without representation!
The Boston Massacre was about a shootout that happened. One officer claimed another officer didn't pay his taxes. White, another officer, stood up for him. Then, things got more out of control, and guns came out. The British shot them and five were turned up dead.
The Boston Tea Party was a protest by the Sons Of Liberty. They didn't like how there was a tax on tea, so by protesting, they threw the tea over the harbor.
Sons Of Liberty
War eventually happens between the colonists and England. Because, the colonists wanted to govern themselves, not pay taxes and just, not go by England! So, they fought for their freedom.