Long Term Causes of the French Revolution
The Estates General
The Tennis Court Oath
Having inequality between the 1st/2nd estates and the 3rd estate caused disagreements in society. The majority of the population, coming from the 3rd estate, had to pay excessive taxes while the clergy and nobility paid none and were given more than the lowest classes. Louis XVI had spent all the tax money on parties and had to bring in Jaques Necker a financial expert.
Storming of the Bastille
The nobles and clergy fired Jaques Necker for saying they should pay taxes.Tired of having unfairness the estates came up with an idea to have a representative or an estate general. However, by doing this the 3rd estate was still outnumbered 2 to 1 everytime. The estates' generals came up with an idea called cahiers or grievance notebooks to write down problems.
The Disassembling of the Bastille
The National Assembly, middle-class delegates, took an oath, which was called the Tennis Court Oath, after being locked out of the castle to meet. The oath stated that they would never separate and would meet until a sound and just constitution was settled on.
The Bastille, a medieval fortress used to keep prisoners before the French Revolution, was raided by the 3rd estate citizens. The citizens forced their entrance and killed the guards and released the prisoners.
After the storming of the Bastille, the lower classes started taking the fortress down brick by brick as a souvenir to remember what they started. This was not a war but it was the start of influencing a revolution and was a wake-up call to King Louis XVI. The storming of the Bastille is celebrated every year on the day is it was overtaken, July 14th 1789.
The Storming of the Bastille was the start of the revolution because it inspired people to do something if they wanted to see change. More and more people were influenced which is why the storming of the Bastille happened. Even though this event wasn't technically part of the revolution, it was the first step to a new beginning and is when the French first remember taking a stand.
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