My children are on the brink of hunger, and my husband hasn't come back yet! What do I do?
The food supply was scarce today...
The Agriculture Revolution
I've found out a way to grow our own food!
Our crops are thriving well today!
The Domestication of Animals
Before the Agricultural Revolution, people were known as nomads. Nomads were people who traveled from place to place with no permanent place to stay. The nomads often lived in caves hidden from other nomads. While the women stayed behind to gather plants and take care of the children, the men went out to hunt. Life in the Paleolithic Age was difficult and dangerous, often resulting in the loss of children and injured husbands, and sometimes starvation. When there was no longer sufficient food, the nomads went on to move to another place.
A Place to Call Home
The house is almost finished! Should we add branches and stones?
The Agricultural Revolution began around 8000 BCE, and that was when humans came up with the bright idea of growing their own food instead of the men going out to hunt or the women picking plants for her and her children to eat. After the time farming was discovered, the discovery quickly began to spread throughout multiple areas in the world, like Asia and Africa. It's called the Agriculture Revolution because agriculture has a meaning of farming, growing crops, and/or raising animals, and it was a big change for nomads.
The Start of New Jobs
Where are you going?
I want to focus on something besides farming. I think I will create pottery for our home.
Around the time when farming was discovered, early farmers also learned how to domesticate animals. Domestication is when people raise them and use them as needed, like raising them to be able to later dine on them. Goats and cattle were raised for their milk and meat, while pigs and chickens were raised as a steady food supply for the people. To carry heavy loads and to pull plows, mules were used. For the first time, people had a steady food supply of many foods.
The Beginning of Trading
What a good deal! A fishing spear for some obsidian and flint!
After the Agricultural Revolution, the Neolithic Age began. As people began to settle in, they began to create shelters that were more permanent. People used mud bricks that were often round-shaped or rectangular. In order to strengthen their new home, people would sometimes use stones and branches to strengthen their roof and/or walls. The Agricultural Revolution also allowed people to build villages along rivers, or anywhere the ground would allow people to grow crops.
With the new surplus and stable supply of food, all people didn't have to solely focus on farming. Instead, they began to focus on other jobs. People began to make pottery to decorate their homes, weave and spin clothing to wear, polish stones to create jewelry and mined flint in order for the stone workers to create better and sharper tools. basketweavers began to weave baskets to gather fruits and vegetables from the crops, and traders traded for things that they couldn't easily get in their area.
I want to go fishing today.
Another great change that different from the Paleolithic Times was that people started trading. As people settled down in villages and towns, trading became more and more common. Common materials that traders often traveled hundreds of miles for was either flint or obsidian. Trading allowed people to make more use of their materials, and it brought people into contact from distant places. And these contacts helped spread different and unique ideas and knowledge from different areas of the world.