Many things have led up to this convention. The Articles of Confederation had failed us. We had a unicameral government, with no separation of powers. We also had no strong central government and the states could do as they pleased.
I am Sherman, I say we go by the New Jersey plan. There will be equal representation and it will benefit the smaller states. There would be three branches in this government
I am Randolph, I propose we go by the Virginia plan. This will be based off of population, so it will benefit the larger states. It will create a bicameral government.
I am Hamilton, we need to go by the Hamilton Plan. The central government will have the most power. It will also be bicameral.
We have reached a compromise! We will have a bicameral government. We will have a House of Representatives, representation is based on Population. There will also be a senate, this will include two representatives from each state.
I am Roger Sherman and I propose the 3/5's Compromise. This will make the large states happy because there slaves will count as population by 3/5's. This will satisfy the smaller states because they are not counted as a full person.
I am Madison, I propose that we have a regulation on slave trade. The trading of slaves overseas will be illegal at the start of 1808. This will not benefit the South but the North will greatly appreciate it.