For the first pillar one must renounce any previous religions and recognize Allah as the only god. Muslims also need to declare Muhammad as the messenger of god. This is the most simple of the pillars, but is also the most important.
I renounce previous religions and recognize Allah as the only god, and recognize Muhammad as the messenger of god.
The second pillar, Salat, muslims must face Mecca and pray five times a day. These prayers signify a muslims submission to god and prove to the community their faith.
The third pillar, zakat, is the giving of charity. Muslims must give 2.5% of their income to the less fortunate. If they can not do that they must give in some way to the less fortunate than them.
Thank you for donating
The fourth pillar, sawm, is fasting. Specifically during the holy month of Ramadan. During Ramadan muslims must not eat or drink from sunrise until sunset. The pain is meant to remind them of the pain and hunger the poor have to experience.
Nothing for lunch today Ramadan has started.
The last pillar of Islam is hajj. Hajj is a pilgrimage each muslim, who is physically and financially capable, must make at least once in their life. The journey is not as simple as just going to Mecca there are 9 rites that must be performed to complete hajj. This is meant to mimic Muhammad's journey from Medina to Mecca.