The Geography and Early Development of Rome

The Geography and Early Development of Rome

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  • Location and Geography of Rome
  • In the myth, Romulus and Remus are twin sons of the god Mars.  They are raised by wolves and become the founders of Rome.  Though, Romulus kills Remus and he becomes the first king.
  • Myth of Romulus and Remus
  • The Etruscans created arches and the cuniculus, which the Romans adapted.  The cuniculus was an underground irrigation system they used to water crops and bring water to the city.  The arches were built by stacking wedge shaped blocks on top of each other and holding them together with pressure.
  • Engineering
  • Sports
  • Rome is located in Italy.  It is on a mountainous peninsula surrounded by seas on three sides. 
  • Architecture
  •  Religion
  • The Romans also adapted the Etruscan sports of slave fighting and chariot racing.  Slave fighting occurred usually at funerals where two slaves of the deceased master would fight to the death, the winner getting executed as well.  Chariot racing held the risk of getting trampled by the horses or getting run over by chariots.
  • The Romans used the ideas of columns and marble temples from the Greeks.  They also adapted the use of concrete to make structures.  The Romans created the Colosseum, a structure used as a place where gladiators fought, out of concrete and the Circus Maximus, the place where chariot races were held.
  • The Romans followed Etruscan religion in founding their cities, but they got most from the Greeks.  Whenever the Romans encountered a similar god from another culture, they added those characteristics of that god to their, which they did when they encountered Greek culture. Though, the Romans were less concerned with the story telling of the gods than the Greeks and more with performing the correct ritual.
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