The Espionage Act of 1917 prohibited spying and interfering with the draft and "false statements" that could impede military success.
Effects for US Immigrants
The Wartime Industries Board controlled all elements of production during wartime, the prices of manufactured goods to the distribution of raw materials, they also set standardized specifications for the production of everything. The Railroad Administration took control of the nation's transportation system. The Fuel Agency rationed coal and oil.
Effects for African Americans
Effects for Socialists
Women's work in WW1. During WWI (1914-1918), large numbers of women were recruited into jobs vacated by men who had gone to fight in the war. New jobs were also created as part of the war effort, for example in munitions factories.
The First World War brought an end to one of the biggest periods of immigration in American history. During the decade leading up to the war, an average of 1 million immigrants per year arrived in the United States, with about three-quarters of them entering through the Ellis Island immigration station in New York Harbor. The United States up to this point had an “open door” immigration policy, with no limit on the number of people who could enter the United States.
The service of African-Americans in the military had dramatic implications for African-Americans. Black soldiers faced systemic racial discrimination in the army and endured virulent hostility upon returning to their homes at the end of the war. At the same time, service in the army empowered soldiers to demand their individual rights as American citizens and laid the groundwork for the future movement for racial justice.
Yet in the early 20th century a vibrant Socialist Party and socialist movement flourished in the United States. Created in 1901, the Socialist Party of America unsurprisingly declared its primary goal to be the collectivization of the means of production. Yet the party’s highly decentralized and democratic structure enabled it to adapt to the needs and cultures of diverse constituencies in different regions of the country.