These 3 man- Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were seen as leaders in their Jewish communities. They were known as the Jewish Patriarchs.
The second book of the bible, the exodus, is the history of how the Jews liberated the Hebrews from slavery in Egypt and took them back to the land of Canaan. Therefore it is believed that Moses is the most significant Hebrew character and exodus is the most significant event in Jewish history. The promised land conquered by the Israelites and it was divided into 12 sections. Each section represented one of Jacob's 12 sons.
The three kings made the kingdom flourish, they followed the heart of god and they were friends of God. When happened in the Babylonian exile, in 587 B.C.E, the problem grew worse: the great temple was destroyed and thousands more were taken prisoner and exiled from their homeland.
The zealot rebellion want to help the Jews to become independent.
Palestine also had a lot of agriculture to offer the people of Jesus' day. One popular fruit grown in ancient Palestine were grapes. The Jewish Law ( the torah) called for much better treatment of slaves than what the Greeks - Romans were used to.