Sumerians: Classes, Government & Laws

Sumerians: Classes, Government & Laws

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  • Hello, I am Iroh, this is my younger brother Aii and I am a Sumerian, I live between two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates. Today I am going to talk to you about the Government, Classes and Laws.
  • A Sumerian city/state had it"s own ruler, some people believed the ruler was chosen by the gods. In 2500bc the ruler was called an ensi, they were very wealthy and could rule multiple cities.
  • There are three classes, the first one I'm going to share with you are the free citizens. Free citizens farm small pieces of land and others worked as bakers, craftsmen, weavers, potters, blacksmith, and even soldiers.
  • Nobles are rich and own large estates, managed by their slaves. Slaves are at the very bottom of society and are considered "property" instead of people. Slaves often worked for nobles in palaces and temples. They could be cruelly punished by their owners.
  • Sumerians believe that each city and land belonged to it's main god. The temples were owned by officials on behalf of the Ensi, as rulers gained conterol scribes and tax people acted as officials.
  • The Sumerians were a very important part of history. They were one of the first advanced civiliations. We can learn many things from the Sumerians. They created the wheel, the plow, frying pans, kilns, and even the first written language.
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