The Battle of Fort Sumter took place in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. Negotiations between Confederate General Pierre G.T. Beauregard and Major Robert Anderson about secession failed to stop tensions. Beauregard open fired on Fort Sumter. The Confederates won, while Major Robert Anderson surrendered the next day. It was the opening engagement of the Civil War.
Battle of Antietam September 17-19, 1862
The battle of Bull Run took place on the Potomac River in Virginia. The battle was between the Union forces and the Confederate forces, both sides had untrained volunteers. The battle was messy and brutal. The Union, who had a bigger “army”, forced the Confederate forces to retreat. Luckily for the Confederates, reinforcements arrived andhelped the Confederates claim victory.
Battle of Chancellorsville April 30- May 6, 1863
This battle took place in Pittsburg Landing. It was between the Army of Tennessee (A Union Force) and the Confederate army under General Sidney Johnston. The Confederate army launched a surprise attack on their encampment from their base in Corinth, Mississippi. The Union forces won, and were able to bring in many reinforcements, 62,000 to 45,000. It was the bloodiest battle until that time.
Seige of Vicksburg May 19- 4th of July, 1863
The battle took place along Antietam Creek, Maryland. It was supposed to be a surprise attack on the northern state of Pennsylvania and the border state of Maryland. But, the Federal Army of Potomac under the command of General George McClellan found out and attacked them. In the end, the Confederates retreated of the battlefield, letting the Union win. It was the bloodiest single day of fighting.
Ok! Fine! We want to retreat!
The battle took place near the village of Chancellorsville, Virginia. The battle was between an army of 132,000 men under General Joseph Hooker, and Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Lee divided his 28,000 men and led them in a secretive march to attack Hooker’s men. After many days of fighting, Hooker retreated and Lee's army won the battle. It was a major engagement of the Civil War.
The battle took place in the fortress city of Vicksburg on the Mississippi River. The battle was between the Union Army of Tennessee and the Confederate Army of the Mississippi. The Union surrounded the Confederates outnumbering them. Then, they decided to try and capture the city. After 40 days of fighting, the Confederates surrendered, leaving the Union to win. It was one of the turning points of the Civil War.