Tone The tone of the story is suspenseful more than violent. "most of them were quiet, wetting thier lips, not looking around"
Word Choice “at one time, some people remembered, there had been a recital of some sort, performed by the official of the lottery, a perfunctory, tuneless chant that had been rattled off duly each year” Using words like “perfunctory” and “tuneless” you can get a clearer image of them saying the same thing every time they swear in. It is better than saying “performed by the official of the lottery, an effortless speech.”
Imagery “The black box grew shabbier each year; by now it was no longer completely black but splintered badly along one side to show the original wood color, and in some places faded or stained.” You can picture the black, falling apart, splintered box
The author started out the story slowly, giving a lot of detail and context about what is going on. Then she speeds up the pace with more dialogue. "Listen, everybody," Mrs. Hutchinson was saying to the people around her. "Ready, Bill?" Mr. Summers asked, and Bill Hutchinson, with one quick glance around at his wife and children, nodded.
Theme "It isn't fair," she said. A stone hit her on the side of the head The theme is danger in following tradition blindly