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The Taiping Rebellion that started in 1850 and ended in 1864. It was by far the bloodiest war of the century. The war was a radical religious and political uprising. 20 million people died in the Taiping Rebellion. The rebels went against the tyranny of the Manchus. The people wanted ownership of land and the establishment of a self-reliant economy.
Their slogans - to share property in common - attracted many famine-stricken peasants, and the Taiping ranks swelled to more than one million soldiers. A few leaders began talking and defeated the Taiping Rebellion in 1864. The Manchu government was so weakened by the rebellion that it never again was able to effectively rule China.
I don't feel to good!
Starting in the 1860s, the Chinese attempted to reform efforts to meet the military and political challenge of the West. China searches for ways to adapt Western learning and technology while preserving their history. As a symbol of the Boxer revolution, Chinese males cut off the long braids, or queues, they had been forced to wear as a sign of submission to the authority of the Manchus.
I just went and cut off my braid!
Chinese military leaders, “warlords,” step into the political vacuum created by the fall of the Qing. The warlords control different regions of the country and compete for domination of the nominal central government in Beijing. Sun Yat-sen and his nascent Nationalist Party (Kuomintang or Guomindang) struggle to bring republican government to China.
During this time period, Britain and France invaded China and started taking over parts of the land and started the Opium War. There was high demands for Chinese silk and tea. When the Versailles Peace Treaty of 1919 that ended WWI happened, it enraged the Chinese urban people by recognizing Japanese claims to former German rights in the Shandong peninsula of China. It lead to an outpouring of nationalistic notion on May 4, 1919 and the “May 4th Movement” to reform Chinese culture through the adoption of Western Science and Democracy.
Sources: http://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/foreign-imperialism-in-china/ http://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/foreign-imperialism-in-china/
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