Our estimates range from 1-3 that participants will give the highest shock.
I'm here to take part in a memory test study.
ah yes, here is $4.50!
ouch! 45 volts hurt!
Mr. Wallace (learner)
Milgram's study took place in a laboratory at Yale University. 14 Yale Seniors were provided with a detailed description of the experimental situation prior to the study and were asked to estimate obedience.
This generator goes from 15 to 450 volts, increase the voltage whenever he gets a wrong answer.
There were 40 participants who were recruited via volunteer sample and were paid $4.50 just for showing up. They were aged between 20-50 and had a wide range of occupations.
you will be recorded giving your responses using this tape recorder which we will then play to the participant when you give the wrong answers.
AARGH! TAKE IT OFF!
The participants were 'rigged' to be the "teacher", whilst the "learner" was always the same person. They then saw the "learner" strapped into a chair with (non-active) electrodes attached to his arms. The "teacher" was given a trial shock of 45 volts to stimulate genuineness.
He might be dead in there! Go and see if he's okay!
The "teacher" was then taken into a separate room and was sat in front of an electric shock generator. He had to conduct a paired word test on the "learner" and give him an electric shock of increasing intensity for every wrong answer given. (30 switches ranging from 15-450 volts)
However, the "learner" (Mr. Wallace) had produced (via tape recording) a set of predetermined responses, giving approx 3 wrong answers to ever correct one. At 300 volts, he pounded on the wall and therefore made no further replies.
answers • wrong • wrong • wrong • right
If the "teacher" turned to the experimenter for advice on whether to proceed, the experimenter responded with a series of standardised 'prods'. The study finished when the "teacher" refused to continue (disobedient) or reached 450 volts (obedient). When finished, the participants was then fully debriefed.