Delegates met on July 16, 1787 and came up with a compromise between two plans.
The larger states like Virginia are in favor of the Virginia Plan. This plan calls for a bicameral legislative with two House of Representatives. We also call for population to equal representation and slaves should count.
The smaller states like New Jersey are in favor of the New Jersey Plan. This plan calls for a unicameral legislative with a Senate which all states have equal representation and we do not want to count the slaves.
How about a compromise called the Connecticut Compromise. Let's do a bicameral legislature with a Senate that has equal representation and House of Representatives which has representation of population. Also with the slaves let's do the 3/5 Compromise which says that we count slaves as three-fifths of a person.
The Second Constitutional Convention was held on September 17,1787
Well have you read any of the Federalist papers, which are 85 essays that explain the Constitution to the public, especially Federalist 10 which was written by me James Madison in which I defended a form of republican government.
I am a Federalist and I support the constitution 100 percent. We should ratify it right now!
We will not go through the ratification process, states accepting what the Constitution says and adopting it, until you add what we want.
I am a Anti-federalist and I feel like the central government has too much power so I don't support the Constitution until you add the Bill of Rights.
The Constitution includes many things. Separation of powers is separating the powers of different government positions to make sure one branch doesn't have all of the power. There are three branches. The first is the executive which is headed by the president which enforces laws. The legislative branch makes laws. The Judicial branch interprets the laws. The government also needs the consent of the governed which is where the people can change the government if they don't like it. It also includes the Bill of Rights which are the first 10 amendments which are listed below.
Bill of Rights 1. Freedom of religion, speech, and the press2. Freedom to bear arms 3. No quartering of soldiers in wartime and peace4. No unreasonable searches and seizures 5. Protection of rights to life, liberty, and property 6. Right to a speedy and public trial and a jury of their peers. 7. Right to have a jury8. Right against cruel and unusual punishment and excessive bail and fines 9. Rights of the people 10. Powers kept by the state and the people