What?! Nearly all black voters would be excluded from voting...
I, Engelhardt enact local Law 140, to form a 28-sided city boundary
Charles Gomillion, a professor and other blacks protested; community activists mounted a boycott against white owned businesses in the city.
Equal Protection Clause! Equal Protection Clause!
Gomillion and others filed suit against the city mayor and other officials. Claiming the act was discriminatory under the 14th Amendment's due process and equal protection clause.
Case dismissed. States have the right to draw boundaries of election districts.
The case was appealed to the US Supreme Court and was argued by Fred Gray, a prominent Alabama civil rights attorney
I, Justice Frankfurter, declare that Act 140......
Violates the 15th Amendment, which prohibits states from denying anyone their right to vote. As well as the 14th Amendment .
This case was also cited in the case of Baker v. Carr (1962), which required state legislatures to redistrict based on population to reflect demographic changes and enable representation. "one man, one vote."